Determinants of Anti-Trafficking Efforts
In the last two decades, the international community has increasingly turned its attention towards the phenomenon of human trafficking. Literature and research to date have focussed on the way in which States comply (or do not comply) with international obligations, but reflections on why States engage, or do not engage, in anti-trafficking efforts have been limited. Through a systemic literature review, expert interviews, a qualitative survey, and a series of 14 case-studies, BIICL has unpacked the determinants of anti-trafficking efforts – understood as factors shaping governments‘ anti-trafficking efforts and causing compliance with, and implementation of, international standards. The panel explores the findings of the research project, with a focus on political will and international law as determinants of anti-trafficking efforts. The panel includes four of the consultants who have undertaken the project’s case studies, who will discuss in detail the country-specific findings.